Thursday, May 30, 2013

HELPFUL GRAPHIC: Political Left and Right Properly Defined

While I don't agree with all of its characterizations, The Objective Standard offers an interesting illustration of the political spectrum.

...the terms “left” and “right” are already widely used to denote the basic political alternative, and because that alternative is in fact binary, the best approach for advocates of freedom is not to reject the prevalent terminology but to clarify it—by defining the relevant terms.

The problem with conventional approaches to the left-right political spectrum is that they either fail to define the alternatives in question, or proceed to define them in terms of non-essentials...

...fascism, far from having anything in common with capitalism, is essentially the same atrocity as communism and socialism—the only difference being that whereas communism and socialism openly call for state ownership of all property, fascism holds that some property may be “private”—so long as government can dictate how such property may be used. Sure, you own the factory, but here’s what you may and may not produce in it; here’s the minimum wage you must pay employees; here’s the kind of accounting system you must use; here are the specifications your machinery must meet; and so on...

....The essential issue in politics is not the size but the function of government; it’s not whether government is big or small but whether it protects or violates rights...

The proper purpose of government is to protect individual rights by banning the use of physical force from social relationships and by using force only in retaliation and only against those who initiate its use. A properly conceived political spectrum must reflect this fact. Whatever terms are used to identify the positions of political ideologies or systems must be defined with regard to the fundamental political alternative: force vs. freedom—or, more specifically, rights-protecting vs. rights-violating institutions.

Whether you are an objectivist or a Constitutionalist in the mold of the Framers, on this we can agree: those who paint the right as "Nazis" are either ignorant or lying.

'I am a Socialist,' Hitler told Otto Strasser in 1930, 'and a very different kind of Socialist from your rich friend, Count Reventlow'.

No one at the time would have regarded it as a controversial statement. The Nazis could hardly have been more open in their socialism, describing themselves with the same terminology as our own SWP: National Socialist German Workers' Party.

Almost everyone in those days accepted that fascism had emerged from the revolutionary Left. Its militants marched on May Day under red flags. Its leaders stood for collectivism, state control of industry, high tariffs, workers' councils. Around Europe, fascists were convinced that, as Hitler told an enthusiastic Mussolini in 1934, 'capitalism has run its course'.

One of the most stunning achievements of the modern Left is to have created a cultural climate where simply to recite these facts is jarring. History is reinterpreted, and it is taken as axiomatic that fascism must have been Right-wing, the logic seemingly being that Left-wing means compassionate and Right-wing means nasty and fascists were nasty. You expect this level of analysis from Twitter mobs; you shouldn't expect it from mainstream commentators.

...I just hope that Lefties who have read this far will have a sense of how conservatives feel when fascism is declared to be simply a point further along the spectrum from them. Whenever anyone points to the socialist roots of fascism, there are howls of outrage. Yet the people howling the loudest are often the first to claim some ideological link between fascism and conservatism.

Simply listen to Democrats like the unhinged progressive Tom Harkin, who says that income and wealth needs to be "reallocated" -- by force, presumably -- and you can hear the echoes of fascists past.


Reliapundit said...

another good graphic:

Reliapundit said...

my post from 2007 on this very subject

K-Bob said...

This is certainly more accurate than most folks' image of the two-dimensional left/right concept.

The left/right concept is really not very helpful, though. It's a three-dimensional space (if we ignore time) where political policy ideas live. The axes are typically identified as more/less of: statism, authoritarianism, and reason.

It's necessary because you really can't fit Libertarians and Political Islam in the 2-d scale.

Jason in SD said...

I thought the continuum was based on individual liberty with anarchy on the far right and totalitarianism on the far left.

I guess I agree with Reliapundit's 2007 post to a degree. The ends look pretty good but I could argue about the order of what's in between.

OregonGuy said...

I kinda put it out there that its a difference between individualism and collectivism.


DavidD said...

I agree with Jason that the continuum runs between Anarchy and Totalitarianism, with Fascism and Communism just different forms of Totalitarianism.

The Objective Standard's continuum makes it appear as though "Progressivism" is a reasonable compromise position between Right and Left, and it's not--it's still Left, it's just only slightly less Left.

With the continuum between Anarchy and Totalitarianism, the case can be made that the system the Founders established was intended to stake out the center position between lawlessness and overlawness.

Anonymous said...

Uhhh.... You have defined this spectrum horribly incorrectly and it is obviously attempting to sway people to believing the right side is better by literally lying. There is no force in communism or anarchy; they are both stateless societies. Communism and Anarchy are based off of total freedom, how could they be rights violating? They are the ONLY societies that you listed that are truly "no force".

Fascism should not be on the left side at all, and it is definitely the most rights-violating.

The right side is basically promoting human hierarchy, which is not what's best for all and if we continue using right side systems, eventually the divide between the upper class and the lower class will become so huge to the point where the lower class will basically become totally controlled by the upper class. The right side is far less free, for it is only when we are free and working WITH each other rather than using each other as tools to climb higher that the world can truly work optimally.

The people who cling to right side political systems are basically the same as the little kids at daycare who scream "MINE!!!!" when someone tries to take their toys. This sharing should not be forced, but it will come naturally when the society is not forceful.